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Racial Wealth Gap & Reparations



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Black advocates challenge Biden

on reluctance to sign executive

order for reparations commission

The Trio, June 2022

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Evanston, Illinois Is the

First City to Offer Reparations

to Black Residents

Reasons to Be Cheerful, June 2022

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There’s no freedom

without reparations

Vox, June 2022

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A new USDA commission asks

how to end discrimination in farming, but Black farmers are skeptical

USA Today, Feb. 2022

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Beyond Equity: Targeted

Universalism and the Closing

of the Racial Wealth Gap

Non Profit Quarterly, Jan. 2022

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Black Farmers Still Await Debt

Relief as Lawmakers Resolve Racist Lawsuits

Civil Eats, Dec. 2021

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​Put Philanthropy on the

Front Lines of Racial Justice.

YES!, Nov. 2021

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Unpacking Reparations

Eligibility in California

KQED, March 2022

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Narrowing the racial wealth

gap using the EITC and CTC

The Brookings Institute, Feb. 2022

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 For decades, The Baltimore Sun promoted policies that oppressed Black Marylanders; we are

working to make amends

The Baltimore Sun, Feb. 2022

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101 years on, Tulsa Race Massacre survivors and descendants are still fighting for long-delayed justice

Public Radio Tulsa, June 2022

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Racial justice coalition demands

that Biden order study of reparations

The Washington Post, May 2022

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Harvard Details Its Ties to Slavery

and Its Plans for Redress

The New York Times, April 2022

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Racial Wealth

Divide in Seattle

Prosperity Now Report, March 2021

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Written testimony of Japanese

Americans in support of H.R. 40

Tsuru for Solidarity, Feb. 2021

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Ben & Jerry’s CEO asks corporate 

America to join reparations fight

Fast Company, Feb. 2021

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Column: Reparations,

apologies and the absurdity of

‘it happened a long time ago’

San Diego Union-Tribune, Feb. 2021

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Black and Hispanic Americans

pay twice as much in bank fees

as Whites, survey finds

CNBC, Jan., 2021

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The Black-white wealth gap left

Black households more vulnerable

Brookings Institution, Dec. 2020

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Closing the racial wealth gap

requires heavy, progressive

taxation of wealth

Brookings Institution, Dec. 2020

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Truth and Redistribution

Colorlines, Sept.. 2020

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The racial wealth gap is at the

heart of America’s inequality

MarketWatch, July 2020

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Redlining’s Legacy of Inequality: $212,000 Less Home Equity, Low Homeownership Rates For

Black Families

Redfin, June 2020


What is Owed

New York Times Magazine, June, 2020


How to Do Reparations Right

The New York Times, June 2020


A Cheap, Race-Neutral Way to

Close the Racial Wealth Gap

The Atlantic, June 2020

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One city's reparations program that could offer a blueprint for the nation

The Guardian, Jan. 2020

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Simulating How Progressive Proposals Affect the Racial Wealth Gap

Center for American Progress, Aug. 2019

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Their Family Bought Land One Generation After Slavery. The Reels Brothers Spent Eight Years in Jail

for Refusing to Leave It.

ProPublica, July 2019

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An exclusive look at Cory Booker’s plan to fight wealth inequality:

give poor kids money

Vox, Oct. 2018

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The Case for Reparations, The Atlantic 2014

The Atlantic, June 2014


Please buy from a black-owned bookstore (click here for a list), your local independent bookstore, or from the Bookshop link provided.


The Half Has Never Been

Told: Slavery and the Making

of American Capitalism

Edward E Baptist, 2014


The Color of Money:

Black Banks and the

Racial Wealth Gap

Mehrsa Baradaran, 2019


The Price for Their

Pound of Flesh . . .

Daina Ramey Berry, 2017


The Land Was Ours: How Black Beaches Became White Wealth

in the Coastal South

Andrew W Kahrl2016


When Affirmative Action Was White: An Untold History of Racial Inequality in 20th Century America

Ira Katznelson2006


The Possessive Investment in Whiteness: How White People Profit from

Identity Politics

George Lipsitz, 2018


The Sum of Us: What Racism Costs Everyone and How We Can Prosper Together

Heather McGhee, 2021


From Here to Equality: Reparations for Black Americans in the Twenty-First Century

A. Kirsten Mullen & William A. Darity,   2020


The Color of Law: A Forgotten History of How Our Government Segregated America

Richard Rothstein, 2017


The Hidden Cost of Being African American: How Wealth Perpetuates Inequality

Thomas M Shapiro, 2005


The Origins of the Urban Crisis: Race and Inequality in Postwar Detroit - Update

Thomas J. Sugrue, 2014


Race for Profit: How

Banks & the Real Estate

Industry Undermined Black Homeownership

Keeanga-Yamahtta Taylor, 2019


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Why is We Americans

Amiri Baraka (4.5 min.)


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Into America

Into Reparations with

Nikole Hannah-Jones (24 min.)

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Knowledge at Wharton

How Diverse Boards Can Help

Close the Wealth Gap (52 min.)

Other Resources


Action Center on

Race and the Economy

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Wealth Project

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Descendants Truth & Reconciliation Foundation

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Disparities in Wealth

by Race and Ethnicity

2019 Survey of Consumer Finances

The Federal Reserve

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Is Our

Economy Fair?

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Giving Gap

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Justice for Greenwood


Mayors for a

Guaranteed Income


National African

American Reparations

Commission (NAARC)




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Research Report

Closing the Gaps: Building Black Wealth through Homeownership

Urban Institute


Southern Reparations

Loan Fund

"It is obvious today that America has defaulted on this promissory note insofar as her citizens of color are concerned. Instead of honoring this sacred obligation, America has given the Negro people a bad check, a check which has come back marked "insufficient funds." But we refuse to believe that the bank of justice is bankrupt. We refuse to believe that there are insufficient funds in the great vaults of opportunity of this nation. So we have come to cash this check — a check that will give us upon demand the riches of freedom and the security of justice."

Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.
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