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Racism in Housing


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Revealed: 93% of districts in

major US cities unaffordable

to Black residents

The Guardian, May 2022

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Black homes are often

undervalued. Black appraisers

are fighting to change that.

NBC News, April 2022

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Racial covenants in home titles

to remain in public record, Washington Supreme Court rules

The Spokesman-Review, April 2022

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Wells Fargo Rejected Half

Its Black Applicants in Mortgage Refinancing Boom

Bloomberg Businessweek, March 2022

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Exclusionary zoning

dominates LA region.

Here's why it mattersfor equity

Othering & Belonging Inst., March 2022

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The Lasting Legacy Of Redlining

FiveThirtyEight, Feb 2022

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The Secret Bias Hidden in

Mortgage-Approval Algorithms

The Markup, August 2021

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The U.S. Is Increasingly Diverse, So Why Is Segregation Getting Worse?

Time, June 2021

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How a young Black family fought John L. Scott and changed Seattle

KUOW, June 2021

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Black homeowner had a white

friend stand in for third appraisal.

Her home value doubled.

IndyStar, May 2021

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Racist restrictions in old home

deeds across Washington state

will get expanded scrutiny

The Seattle Times, May 2021

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Living Through Detroit’s

Perpetual Housing Crisis

The New Republic, March 2021

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Your Home’s Value Is

Based on Racism

The New York Times, March 2021

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Berkeley may get rid of single-family zoning as a way to correct the arc

of its ugly housing history

Berkeleyside, Feb. 2021


A Neighborhood’s Race Affects

Home Values More Now Than in 1980

Bloomberg City Lab, Sept. 2020


Black Homeowners Face Discrimination in Appraisals

New York Times, Aug. 2020


Homeownership racial gap is larger today than it was over 50 years ago

CNBC, Aug. 2020


The devaluing of black property has led to the devaluing of black lives

Vox, June 2020

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Redlining’s Legacy of Inequality: $212,000 Less Home Equity, Low Homeownership Rates For

Black Families

Redfin, June 2020

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Redlining 2.0: How Banks

Block Black Homebuyers

The Root, 2018

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The devaluation of assets in

black neighborhoods

Brookings, Nov. 2018


Redlining was banned 50 years ago. It’s still hurting minorities today.

Washington Post, 2018

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If You Want to Understand

the Economics of Institutional

Racism, Read This

The Root, 2018

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Residential Segregation

Associated with Black–White

Disparity in Firearm Homicide Rates

Boston University, 2018

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One Historic Black Neighborhood’s Stake in the Infrastructure Bill

The New York Times, Nov. 2021

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Philadelphia is one of America's

most diverse cities — and one

of the most divided.

Philadelphia Inquirer, Nov. 2021

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Florida city paints a different

racial portrait of America

Christian Science Monitor, August 2021

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Black and Hispanic renters

experience discrimination in

almost every major American city

Vox, Dec. 2021

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A Black couple says an

appraiser lowballed them. So,

they ‘whitewashed’ their home

and say the value shot up.

The Washington Post, Dec. 2021

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Racial covenants, a relic of

the past, are still on the books

across the country

NPR, Nov. 2021

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Why People of Color Are More

Likely to Die in Accidents Like

the Bronx Apartment Fire

Time, Jan. 2022

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Illinois Homeowners Can Now Remove Racist Clauses From

Their Property Deeds

The New York Times, Jan. 2022

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Does the deed to your Seattle-area home contain racist language? Next year, you can formally remove it

The Seattle Times, Dec. 2021


Please buy from a black-owned bookstore (click here for a list), your local independent bookstore, or from the Bookshop link provided.


Evicted: Poverty and Profit in the American City

Matthew Desmond, 2016


The Land Was Ours: How Black Beaches Became White Wealth

in the Coastal South

Andrew W Kahrl2016


The Color of Law: A Forgotten History of How Our Government Segregated America

Richard Rothstein, 2017


Race for Profit: How

Banks & the Real Estate

Industry Undermined Black Homeownership

Keeanga-Yamahtta Taylor, 2019



Segregated by Design

17 minutes

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How America’s 'residential caste' system feeds racial inequality & destroys opportunity

4 minutes



A 'Forgotten History' Of How The

U.S. Government Segregated America

Fresh Air, May 2017  (35 min.)

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Block Away But Worlds Apart

Divided by Design, Feb. 2021 (22 min.)

Other Resources


Racial Restrictive Covenants History

University of Washington

Seattle Civil Rights & History Project

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Restrictive Covenants Database

University of Washington

Seattle Civil Rights & History Project

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Twenty-First Century Racial Residential Segregation

in the United States

Othering & Belonging Institute

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